abstract = {Cognitive control allows humans to direct and coordinate their thoughts and actions in a flexible way, in order to reach internal goals regardless of interference and distraction. The hallmark test used to examine cognitive control is the Stroop task, which elicits both the weakly learned but goal-relevant and the strongly learned but goal-irrelevant response tendencies, and requires people to follow the former while ignoring the latter. After reviewing the existing computational models of cognitive control in the Stroop task, its novel, integrated utility-based model is proposed. The model uses 3 crucial control mechanisms: response utility reinforcement learning, utility-based conflict evaluation using the Festinger formula for assessing the conflict level, and top-down adaptation of response utility in service of conflict resolution. Their complex, dynamic interaction led to replication of 18 experimental effects, being the largest data set explained to date by 1 Stroop model. The simulations cover the basic congruency effects (including the response latency distributions), performance dynamics and adaptation (including EEG indices of conflict), as well as the effects resulting from manipulations applied to stimulation and responding, which are yielded by the extant Stroop literature.},
  author = {Adam Chuderski and Tomasz Smolen},
  doi = {10.1037/a0039979},
  issn = {1939-1471},
  journal = {Psychological Review},
  keywords = {Stroop task,cognitive control,conflict monitoring,reinforcement learning,response utility},
  number = {3},
  pages = {255--290},
  title = {{An integrated utility-based model of conflict evaluation and resolution in the Stroop task.}},
  url = {http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/a0039979},
  volume = {123},
  year = {2016}